Methamphetamine is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the United States, with an estimated 13 million active users and over 500,000 people addicted to the drug. Meth is a powerful central nervous system stimulant, causing euphoria, energy, and a high lasting as long as 12 hours. Methamphetamine also strongly affects the mind and body, causing long-term damage in the form of psychosis, physical deterioration, and decreasing physical ability.
If your loved one is suffering from a methamphetamine addiction, there is help. Addiction is a very treatable illness, and one that should be treated as quickly as possible.
Learning more about the signs and symptoms of methamphetamine addiction, how withdrawal works, and what treatment options are available will give you the tools to make the best choices for your loved one.
Methamphetamine Addiction Symptoms
Methamphetamine users show a diverse range of symptoms including use symptoms as well as long-term abuse symptoms.
Most users also show symptoms including erratic sleep, rhythmic or jerky movements, increasing paranoia, and psychosis. Hallucinations, delusions, new aspects of personality, lack of pleasure, motor skill impairment, and extreme paranoia are all common.
Methamphetamine withdrawal typically lasts for 4-8 weeks and sometimes longer. While not typically dangerous on its own, depression, exhaustion, and anxiety can lead to self-harm, suicidal thoughts, and relapse. Having medical supervision during this period is crucial.
Methamphetamine Addiction Treatment
Methamphetamine addiction is treatable through counseling, detox, behavioral therapy, and medication. A range of treatments is often necessary to tackle the complex range of factors contributing to addiction. For example, factors behind addiction often include social conditions, stress, lifestyle, mental health, and economic factors. Seeking out appropriate therapy and counseling as well as stress management and skills training is essential to maintaining long-term recovery.
Most rehabilitation centers offer counseling, group therapy, one-on-one counseling, and often 12-step. Behavioral therapy, which tackles addiction from the approach of what contributes to addiction and how behavior and emotions impact a user’s health and likelihood of relapse, is also important. Some rehabilitation centers also use medications such as Bupropion, Modafinil, and Naltrexone to reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms during treatment.